Modern-day Turkey only came into being in 1923, formed from the remnants of the Ottoman Empire, but history within its current borders sweeps widely. The Hittites were here. Istanbul was formerly known as 'Byzantium' and it became the capital of the Roman Empire once that honour was removed from Rome. This is when Byzantine Empire, with its churches and influence on art and music, began to flourish. It survived for more than 1000 years until the Ottoman Turks conquered and renamed the city in 1453.
Once you look beyond the chaos of Istanbul and its bazaars and touts, you'll see Turkey is remarkably and geographically diverse. So you'll find Aegean beaches, forested snowy mountains and steppe landscapes (with moon-like Cappadocia) within its borders. So, looking for a quick guide to hit the ground running once you arrive? Here's a few top spots to see once you've enjoyed Istanbul:
- Bodrum – a Southern Aegean playground for holiday makers mixing trendy nightlife and characterful villages with Roman ruins
- Urfa – a city where Kurdish, Arabic and Persian cultures meet amid beautiful architecture
- Ephesus – Roman city ruins on Turkey's west coast
- Ölüdeniz – a town near Fethiye known for its pristine waterway, Blue Lagoon
- Gallipoli – where Anzac legend began in 1915